HUMAN NATURE AS A FUNCTION OF MORAL OR ‘SPIRITUAL’ GROWTH OR 'SPIRITUAL EMERGENCE'
Western scientific research combined with Eastern psychologies such as Buddhism provides new concepts which shed light on the nature of the multidimensional human psyche, the human personality or ‘human nature’. Human nature is a social nature and the human organism is a social organism with instincts for sociability, the 'social instincts'. As a social organism, the fully mature human instinctively operates according to the biologically based moral values or ‘spiritual’ values of humanness, the ‘social values’ or ‘human values’. Although the many values are interrelated they can be described in terms of universal principles of ‘justice’ as social justice, 'knowledge' as understanding, 'loving-kindness' as compassion and ‘peace’ as social responsibility. Awareness of human values results in heightened intuition of social intelligence which is necessary for effective adaptation to the complexities of changing social conditions in a constantly changing social environment. They constitute the specialized functions for human adaptability and species survival.
Human adaptability depends on preservation of the integrated functioning of the personality as a whole which is the basis for personal power or 'self-empowerment'. Self-empowerment is a function of moral or ‘spiritual’ growth as development of moral consciousness or 'conscience'. Fully developed rational conscience involves the attainment of knowledge of one's true nature or 'higher self’, that is 'self-knowledge' as the source of individual will-power required for effective decision-making. Moral or ‘spiritual’ development so-called ‘spiritual emergence’, is a function of personal evolution from the limited sense of self or 'ego' and its egocentric perspective to the expanded sense of self or 'Self' - the transpersonal perspective of ego-transcendence with its expanded sense of consciousness and its understanding of the ultimate unity of all things, that is so-called 'enlightenment’. This self-transformation of ego-transcendence results in the perspective of the whole or ‘holistic perspective’ which allows for the intuitive capacity to perceive the connections between apparently separate phenomena. Consequently, holistic perception results in accurate evaluation and this leads to increased creativity, rational decision-making and effective adaptation to the complexities of a constantly changing social environment.
Spiritual emergence is a gradual, dynamic, fluid naturally ordered and integrated on-going process of personal development into greater maturity and spiritual awareness which naturally takes place over a period of years and depends on conditions of freedom provided by responsible education as education for the responsibility of freedom. So-called ‘holistic education’ is based on respect for human nature and facilitates the process of spiritual emergence as a function of development of moral consciousness or 'rational conscience' in a natural growth process based on fulfillment of biologically based motives for learning or ‘human needs’. These include the so-called 'higher' psychological needs for higher moral or ‘spiritual’ development, the higher moral or 'spiritual' needs, also known as 'metaneeds', as well as the so-called 'lower' psychological needs for security, self-esteem and sense of belongingness or 'ego needs', Each person is at a different stage of spiritual emergence depending on the level of moral or 'spiritual' development which they have reached in their personal psychological development as a result of the conditions of the social environment in which they grew up as well as the type of education which they have been offered.